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Research Group "Physik, Montanuniversität Leoben"
(Univ.Prof. Dr. Oskar Paris)

Head of the research group:
Last name:Paris
First name(s):Oskar
Title:Univ.Prof. Dr.
Position:Institutsleiter
Institution:
Institution:Montanuniversität Leoben
Organizational unit:Institut für Physik
Street address:Franz-Josef Strasse 18
Postal code:8700
City:Leoben
Mail:oskar.paris(at)unileoben.ac.at
Homepage:http://www.unileoben.ac.at/content/view/1576/1773/
Assignments to Research Areas:
Research area(s):
  • Material Physics
  • Medical, Environmental and Bio-Physics
  • Nano Science
  • Physics of Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation Sources
Assignments to Fields of Work According to the Austrian System of Science Areas:
Field(s) of work:
  • Applied physics (1203)
  • Biophysics (106006)
  • Condensed matter (103015)
  • Materials physics (103018)
  • Nanotechnology (210006)
Data Acquisition:
Date of the data acquisition:24.05.2012
Data acquisition period:from: 2007   up to including: 2011
Research Group at the Time of the Data Acquisition:
Scientific group members:
5 Persons
Dr. Markus Hartmann
Dr. Rainer T. Lechner
Dr. Gerhard Popovski
Dipl. Phys. Maxim Erko
Roland Morak
Percentage project-funded:30
Scientific Output in the Above Data Acquisition Period:
H-index of the group head:23
Number of publications:60
Five most important publications:
  1. J. Prass, D. Müter, P. Fratzl, O. Paris, Capillarity-driven deformation of ordered nanoporous silica, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95 (2009) 083121.
  2. A. Al-Sawalmih, C. Li, S. Siegel, P. Fratzl, O. Paris, On the stability of amorphous minerals in lobster cuticle, Adv. Mater. 21 (2009) 4011-4015.
  3. O. Paris, C. Li, S. Siegel, G. Weseloh, F. Emmerling, H. Riesemeier, A. Erko, P. Fratzl, A new experimental station for simultaneous X-ray microbeam scanning for small-and wide-angle scattering and fluorescence at BESSY II, J. Appl. Cryst 40 (2007) 466-470.
  4. A. Deshpande, I. Burgert, O. Paris, Hierarchically structured ceramics by high-precision nanoparticle casting of wood, A. Deshpande, I. Burgert, O. Paris, Small 2 (2006) 994-998.
  5. D. Loidl, O. Paris, M. Burghammer, C. Riekel, H. Peterlik, Direct observation of nanocrystallite buckling in carbon fibers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95 (2005) 225501.
Five most important talks:
  1. O. Paris, Keynote Lecture, Adsorption and phase transitions of fluids in confinement: In-situ studies with X-rays, neutrons and light, Liquid Matter Conference, Vienna, 6.-10. September 2011.
  2. O. Paris, Plenary lecture, Measuring nanoscale deformation in complex materials with synchrotron radiation X-rays, Engineering Conference International (ECI) on Nanomechanical Testing in Materials Research and Development, Lanzarote, Canarian Islands (Spain), 9-14 October, 2011.
  3. O. Paris, Keynote lecture, Biological tissues as inspiration source for novel engineering materials: position resolved and in-situ experiments with synchrotron radiation x-rays, THERMEC´2011: 7th International Conference on Processing & Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, Quebec City, Canada, August 1- 5, 2011.
  4. O. Paris, Invited Lecture, Crystalline and amorphous phases in biomineralized tissues: lessons from scanning microbeam X-ray scattering, Gordon Research Conference on Biomineralization, Colby-Sawyer College, New London, NH USA, 15-20August 2010.
  5. O. Paris, Keynote Lecture, Watching nanomaterials at work: Scattering experiments with X-rays and neutrons. BESSY User Meeting, Berlin/Adlershof, 12.-13. November 2009.
Projects and Funding Granted in the Above Data Acquisition Period:
University funds:
  • MU Leoben:
    Berufungszusagen
Competitive projects:
  • DFG SFB-448:
    Wall deformation in mesoporous materials during capillary condensation of fluids
    Laufzeit: 2007 - 2009
  • DFG SPP-1420:
    Hierarchically structured ceramics and composites from nanocasting of plant cell walls
    Laufzeit: 2009 - 2011
  • FWF P18942-N20:
    Ferromagnetic Semiconductor Hetero- and Nanostructures based on GeMnTe grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy
    Laufzeit: 2009 - 2011
  • GIF (German-Israeli Foundation):
    Gene manipulation of amorphous biomineralogy: role of proteins in controlling nano properties and hierarchical organisation
    Laufzeit: 2009 - 2011; mehrere Partner
  • COST Action MP0601:
    Short wavelength laboratory sources (Management committee member)
    Laufzeit: 2007 - 2010; mehrere Partner
Commissioned projects:
  • Materials Center Leoben:
    Small-angle scattering: methodical developments
    Laufzeit 2010-2011
Research Topics:
Current research topics:
  • Phasenverhalten von Wasser in begrenzter Geometrie von Nanoporen
  • Verformungen in nanoporösen Materialien durch Adsorption von Fluiden
  • Herstellung biomimetischer Keramiken durch Nanogießen von Holzzellwänden
  • MC Simulation der Mechanischen Eigenschaften von Kohlenstoff Nanomaterialien
  • MC Simulationen der mechanischen Eigenschaften von biologischen Materialien
  • Struktur und Funktion von (core-shell) Nanopartikeln und aus diesen aufgebaute Kolloidkristalle
  • Weiterentwicklung von Theorie und Messmethodik der Röntenkleinwinkelstreuung
Future topics (next 5 years):
  • Sensorik & Aktuatorik auf der Basis von Adsorptionsverformungen in nanoporösen Festkörpern
  • Struktur und Eigenschaften biologischer & biomimetischer Nanoverbundmaterialien
  • Nanomechanik von Kohlenstoff-basierte Nanostrukturen
  • Physikalische Mechanismen bei der Synthese von hohlen Nanopartikeln durch Oxidation
  • Mesokristalle / Kolloidkristalle
  • Biomimetische Photonische Kristalle
  • Weiterentwicklung von Theorie und Messmethodik der Röntenkleinwinkelstreuung
Teaching and Research Mobility in the Above Data Acquisition Period:
Doctor's theses:
3 doctor's theses
  1. Gerald Zickler, Structure and Mechanical Properties of Carbon- and Silica-based Nanomaterials, MU Leoben 2006
  2. Lanny Sapei, Characterisation of Silica in Equisetum hyemale and its Transformation into Biomorphous Ceramics, Universität Potsdam 2007
  3. Dirk Müter, Sorption von Fluiden in mesoporösen Silikamaterialien, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin 2010
Diploma and master theses:
1 thesis
  1. Maxim Erko, Untersuchung der Domänenbildung bei der Kondensation und der Verdampfung von Flüssigkeiten in mesoporösem Silika-Material SBA-15 mittels Neutronen-Kleinwinkelstreuung, Freie Universität Berlin 2008
International networking:
  • Betreuung zweier Doktoranden am MPI FÜR Kolloid & Grenzfächenforschung 2009 (nach Berufung nach Leoben)
  • Nutzung Europäischer Großforschungsanlagen (Synchrotronstrahlung & Neutronen); mehr als 4 Experimente / Jahr
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